In the “Simulations and Simulacra” part, we can know the development of Virtual Reality（VR), and saw the trajectory of VR through these artwork. Artists break the boundary between reality and virtual, and “pursuit to achieve likenesses that fool the eye and convincingly conflate simulation with reality. ” The 1950s saw the initial development of viral reality. The 1960s saw the initial development of navigable, interactive, computer-generated environments that later came to be known as VR, first used for artistic purposes in the 1970s.
Virtual Reality based artwork always employs audiences’ body as a real and physical media, then they use them to influence the artwork itself. Actually, the real part like people’s body can not be separated with the video or image, they all composed of the whole work and play a important role.
Another，artists employ surveillance explore the range of space and time. They use many kinds of exploratorium to seek more possibilities of landscape and subtle changing of daily life. They posted the concepts about “Hyperreality” and “Hypermedia” which are influential for latter digital artists.
Art+Com company’s work impressed me a lot. The work named “The invisible shape of things past”, which used parametric translations of movies and put into space. Many single frames from a film sequence are lined up in space, according to the camera movement with which they were shot. Through this translation of single frames consisting of single pixels (picture elements) into space, objects of voxels (volume elements) are generated.
Like the name, this work try to freeze the time and moment in space. In some way, they contrast the temporary and permanent. They use the multi-exposure photography and virtual reality technology, combining the cubists and futurist, disintergrated the linear representation of space and time in their pictures and sculptures.
The Forty Part Motet
September 10–December 8, 2013
The installation is organized by The Metropolitan Museum of Art from the collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.
Support for the project is provided in part by Sarah Peter and Rosamond Ivey.
The Forty Part Motet (2001), a sound installation by Janet Cardiff (Canadian, born 1957), will be the first presentation of contemporary art at The Cloisters. Regarded as the artist’s masterwork, and consisting of forty high-fidelity speakers positioned on stands in a large oval configuration throughout the Fuentidueña Chapel, the fourteen-minute work, with a three-minute spoken interlude, will continuously play an eleven-minute reworking of the forty-part motet Spem in alium numquam habui (1556?/1573?) by Tudor composer Thomas Tallis (ca. 1505–1585). Spem in alium, which translates as “In No Other Is My Hope,” is perhaps Tallis’s most famous composition. Visitors are encouraged to walk among the loudspeakers and hear the individual unaccompanied voices—bass, baritone, alto, tenor, and child soprano—one part per speaker—as well as the polyphonic choral effect of the combined singers in an immersive experience. The Forty Part Motet is most often presented in a neutral gallery setting, but in this case the setting is the Cloisters’ Fuentidueña Chapel, which features the late twelfth-century apse from the church of San Martín at Fuentidueña, near Segovia, Spain, on permanent loan from the Spanish Government. Set within a churchlike gallery space, and with superb acoustics, it has for more than fifty years proved a fine venue for concerts of early music.
Applied Art in Digital Art
Cohen Van Balen – “Electrocyte Appendix” (2009)
“Patterned by Nature”
Fine art in Digital art
Nam June Paik+ TV Cello (1974)
James Turrell+ “Ronin” (1968)
Ryoji Ikeda+ Test Pattern [100m version]
http://www.ryojiikeda.com | https://vimeo.com/24435790
http://www.quayola.com | https://vimeo.com/11777813
In Sherry Turkle’s book- Along Together Chapter2, author used Furbies as an example to convey the reflection emotion of human. Furbies always like a pet , whatever it made of steel of fur, it can be a real pet or baby. They need care and “always on”. “We use the ambiguity of this new object to challenge our understanding of what they think what we already know.” It remind me a recent film called “Ted Bear”, in this film, the ted bear is a real man who can understand everything and help the man deal with his personal life issue. It can be a metaphor. In the other hand, It could just the imagination from people.
In Chapter 4, it began with the AIBO project of an artist, It is called “My Real Baby” actually is a robot. However, it can arouse the real emotion of people, for example, a woman who like it very much because she thing her love for the “baby” is can be shaped. Moreover, they talked about the artificial intelligence. From a PIXAR animation called “Wall-E”, the robotic love story is romantic and emotional. As we know, human try to trust to each other will take a long time to construct, but it is more simply for trusting a robot which just be programed by a commend.
Actually，I really can’t totally understand this article. I know it is about the cybernetics，philosophy and human perception. Deeply, It explored more about the subtle relationship between science, technology, society and human.
I found some interesting points, it could be some questions and concerns in my mind.
1. Is there have some real emotion or subtle feeling between man and machine，especially a cyborg? Such as Donna Haraway, she live on her machine, I think she might be have different emotion with that.
2. Deeply to explore science, philosophy or art, it can be the same thing? Because eventually every field will be combined human’s emotion and the relationship between real world and virtual space.
3.Actually, the development of science is connect with history and society background. For example, in this article, the author mentioned “cold war” many times, this historical event is influencial for science as well as culture.